Gusev E.A.

The structure of Gakkel mid-ocean ridge and Laptev sea continental margin junction



 

Interpretation of MCS, HRS and bathymetry data allow to determine geodynamics of the area of junction of Gakkel Ridge and Laptev Sea margin. MAGE seismic line near 79 40’ N shows rift mountains and the subsidence of the rift valley compensated by recent sedimentation. Basal (Paleocene-Eocene ?) sequences are uplifted by magmatic dome of Gakkel Ridge towards the center of the oceanic basin (PICTURE). Near the top of Gakkel Ridge these units are eroded and overlaid by Oligocene sequence. The central part of Gakkel Ridge dome-like rise is disturbed by graben-rift, and the major sedimentary (Paleocene-Pliocene) section is displaced along normal faults.

Southwards the continental rise was less impacted by structural prolongation of mid-ocean ridge. In this area uplift of sedimentary units is characterized by minor amplitudes and it occurs only adjacent to rift mountains completely overlaid by the sedimentary cover. To the south from 79 N linear localization of the rift zone disappears in bathymetry as well as in seismic records and earthquakes epicenters distribution.

Abyssal plane of Eurasian basin adjacent to the Laptev Sea shelf shows asymmetric composition in modern Sea bottom topography [Naryshkin, 1987]. As well as in deposits distribution and depths of the basement surface [Poselov et al., 1998]. Such asymmetry is proved also by different character of gravity field in Nansen and Amundsen basins. Oceanic basement varies according seismic records by the relief of its top: it is dissected by numerous fractures in Nansen basin while in Amundsen basin it is more smooth. Stratigraphic range of the sedimentary cover is also variable: Upper Cretaceous (?) – Cenozoic in Nansen basin and Oligocene (?) – Holocene in Amundsen basin. Simultaneous sedimentary sequences one characterized by variable seismic patterns and age correlation appears to be very difficult. It is impossible to explain this facts by different rates of sea floor spreading [Sekretov, 1998] because newly obtained seismic data [Poselov et al, 1998] shows that zone of spreading in Eurasian basin is restricted by comparatively narrow area of the Gakkel Ridge rift zone. Thus, differences in composition of deep sea Nansen and Amundsen basins demonstrate independent styles of their evolution while Gakkel Ridge obviously sometimes had been hinge boundary zone.

Unique composition of the rift valley is explained by long epoch of sedimentation under stable tectonic conditions before magmatic dome forming and further and further penetration of mid-ocean ridge. Adjacent to the Laptev Sea continental margin deep sea Eurasian basin is filled by the thick sedimentary cover (from 4 to 8 km) with very gentle angles of dip of separate sequences not disturbed by faults
[Gusev et al, 2002]. This section is common for the whole basin and its slopes: this phenomena demonstrates contradiction with Paleocene-Miocene (?) horizontal movements. Thus, long epoch of tectonic stability in the recent rift zone of Gakkel Ridge was ended in the second half of Pliocene (?). Amplitude of Pliocene crust expansion in the rift valley could he evaluated according general horizontal values of normal faults displacements of subsidented blocks: these values are more than first kilometers. General subsidence of the dome top rift zone and rift valley farming occurred comparatively recently which is proved by equal thickness of pre-Pliocene sedimentary units on rift shoulders and subsidented block as well as by the presence of normal faults and strike-slips displacements compensating distribution of sediments in the rift zone during its crucial subsidence.



Reference:

 

Gusev E.A. The structure of Gakkel mid-ocean ridge and Laptev Sea continental margin junction // Polar regions of the Earth - geology, tectonics, resource significance, natural environment. International Conference Abstract. St.Petersburg. 2001. p. 56-57.





 



eXTReMe Tracker


Flag Counter

Яндекс.Метрика

Hosted by uCoz